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Pregnancy Loss


The medical definition of a pregnancy loss depends upon the gestational age of the pregnancy at the time the loss occurred. A miscarriage is defined as the spontaneous loss of a fetus before the 20th week pregnancy. “Among women who know they are pregnant, about 10% to 25% will have a miscarriage.” A loss occurring after the 20th week of pregnancy is labeled a stillbirth. National Institutes of Health/U.S. National Library of Medicine. “Miscarriage.” MedlinePlus, A stillbirth is also referred to as fetal death or intrauterine fetal demise. A late stillbirth occurs after 28 weeks. Weigel, Gabriela et al. “Understanding Pregnancy Loss in the Context of Abortion Restrictions and Fetal Harm Laws.” KFF, Women’s Health Policy, 4 December 2019,

Additional Information


New KFF National Survey of OBGYNs Finds Dobbs Decision Has Made It Harder to Treat Miscarriages and Other Pregnancy-Related Emergencies in Affected States; In States with Bans, Half Report Patients Who Were Unable to Obtain an Abortion They Sought


Why we need to talk about losing a baby

Early Pregnancy Loss

Depression and Anxiety Following Early Pregnancy Loss: Recommendations for Primary Care Providers

Losing a pregnancy could land you in jail in post-Roe America,crimes%20against%20a%20pregnant%20person.

National Institute for Health and Care Research (NIHR). “Pregnancy loss leads to post-traumatic stress in one in three women.” Mental Health, 9 February 2021, 

Farren, Jessica et al. “Posttraumatic stress, anxiety and depression following miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy: a multicenter, prospective, cohort study.” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Volume 222, Issue 4, 1 April 2020,

Slome Cohain, Judy, Buxbaum, Rina E., Mankuta, David. “Spontaneous first trimester miscarriage rates per woman among parous women with 1 or more pregnancies of 24 weeks or more.” BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 2017,

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), Early Pregnancy Loss, FAQs, February 2015,

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), Opposition to Criminalization of Individuals During Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period, Statement of Policy, December 2020,

France, Hannah. 2022. “Doctors say methamphetamine use does not cause miscarriages.” KGOU.


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