Women denied abortion care due to restrictive abortion laws and policies face prolonged economic hardship. Foster, Diana Greene et al. “Socioeconomic Outcomes of Women Who Receive and Women Who Are Denied Wanted Abortions in the United States.” AM J Public Health,, vol. 108(3), 2018, pp. 407-413, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5803812/. Moreover, “Women denied a wanted abortion who have to carry an unwanted pregnancy to term have four times greater odds of living below the Federal Poverty Level (FPL)”. Introduction to the Turnaway Study, Research on Abortion Care, Advancing New Standards in Reproductive Health (ANSIRH), University of California, San Francisco Medical Center, Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health, March 2020, available at: https://www.ansirh.org/research/ongoing/turnaway-stud. Women’s participation and promotion in the workforce are jeopardized when denied access to reproductive health services. This results in economic harm to affected individuals as well as to state and regional economies. See Institute for Women’s Policy Research. An Economic Case for Ending Harmful State Policies. The Costs of Reproductive Health Restrictions, https://iwpr.org/costs-of-reproductive-health-restrictions/.
Abortion Out of Reach: The Exacerbation of Wealth Disparities After Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization
A Year After Dobbs: People with Low Incomes and Communities of Color Disproportionately Harmed
The Dobbs Decision — Exacerbating U.S. Health Inequity
Abortion Access as a Racial Justice Issue
Racial/ethnic and educational inequities in restrictive abortion policy variation and adverse birth outcomes in the United States
Differential Rights: How Abortion Bans Impact Latinas in the Childbearing Years
Artiga, Samantha, Hill, Latoya, Ranji, Usha, et al., “What are the Implications of the Overturning of Roe v. Wade for Racial Disparities?” Race Equity and Health Policy, Kaiser Family Foundation, 15 July 2022, https://www.kff.org/racial-equity-and-health-policy/issue-brief/what-are-the-implications-of-the-overturning-of-roe-v-wade-for-racial-disparities/
Redd, Sara K., Rice, Whitney S., Aswani, Monica S., et al., “Racial/ethnic and educational inequities in restrictive abortion policy variation and adverse birth outcomes in the United States.” BMC Health Services Research, 22 October 2021, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-021-07165-x
Ndugga, Nambi. “A Look at Key Maternal and Infant Health Disparities Among Black People.” Charts & Slides, Kaiser Family Foundation, 15 April 2022, https://www.kff.org/racial-equity-and-health-policy/slide/a-look-at-key-maternal-and-infant-health-disparities-among-black-people/
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). “Health Disparities in Rural Women.” February 2014, https://www.acog.org/clinical/clinical-guidance/committee-opinion/articles/2014/02/health-disparities-in-rural-women.
Bai, Nina, As More States Restrict Abortions, Research Points to Negative Health Outcomes for Women, Families, University of California at San Francisco (UCSF), May 22, 2019, https://www.ucsf.edu/news/2019/05/414551/more-states-restrict-abortions-research-points-negative-health-outcomes-women.
Advancing New Standards in Reproductive Health (ANSIRH),. “The Harms of Denying a Woman a Wanted Abortion Findings from the Turnaway Study.” ANSIRH, UCSF, https://www.ansirh.org/sites/default/files/publications/files/the_harms_of_denying_a_woman_a_wanted_abortion_4-16-2020.pdf.